GENEALOGICAL and PERSONAL MEMOIRS
Relating to the Families of Boston and Eastern Massachusetts
Prepared under the editorial supervision of William Richard CUTTER, A. M.
Historian of the New England Historic Genealogical Society; Librarian of Woburn Public Library; Author of “The Cutter Family,” “History of Arlington,” “Bibliography of Woburn,” etc., etc.
Volume I.; Illustrated
New York; Lewis Historical Publishing Company; 1908
Pages 191 - 194
In the early history of Maine as a province of New England there was a period which had its beginning in the first quarter of the eighteenth century and was known as that of the Scotch-Irish immigration; and a most fortunate event it was for the English colonists of that isolated region that the Scotchmen came to settle among them, for they were the best fighting stock in the region and during the next half century even to the close of the revolutionary war, there were many occasions when the fighting qualities of the Scotchmen saved the frontier settlements from complete devastation and their inhabitants from inhuman death at the hands of bloodthirsty and merciless Indians.
One of the first five settlers in Thomaston, Maine, was a Robinson, and they all, like those who went with them and settled in what now is Warren, were immigrants from the northern and Protestant part of Ireland. There they were called Scotch because they or their ancestors had come thither from Scotland; but in the New England provinces they were called Scotch-Irish, though there was little affinity and less kinship between them and the native Irish, who were Roman Catholics and spoke an entirely different tongue.
(I) Dr. Moses Robinson was one of the first settlers in what became the town of Warren, Maine, and his son Archibald, born January 31, 1737, was the first white child born on the river, near the boundary of the towns of Cushing and Warren. Mr. Eaton in his excellent history says: "Moses Robinson, father of the above named Archibald, having some knowledge of roots, herbs and the use of the lancet, and hence called doctor, resided then on the lot afterwards inherited by the said Archibald and his posterity; although he also early took up a lot farther up the river in Warren, whither he removed and which still (1865) remains with his descendants there. Captain Andrew Robinson, probably a brother of the doctor, was also here, employed about the government works."
During the Indian troubles in 1747 Dr. Robinson was the physician and surgeon stationed at the fort in Warren and his account for medical attendance upon the sick settlers who had found refuge there was presented in April the following year. He lived in Warren to the end of his years and was buried in the graveyard of the old Presbyterian meetinghouse. His brother Andrew died in 1742 and was buried at the old fort. The name of Dr. Robinson's wife does not appear but he had a family of nine children: 1. Joseph. 2. Moses. 3. John, married Sarah Carver, a descendant of Governor Carver of the Plymouth colony. 4. Major Hanse. 5. Archibald, born January 31, 1737, the first white child born in Warren; married Margaret Watson. He lived in Cushing and died there February 25, 1820. 6. William, born about 1738, married Widow Rebecca Minot, whose family name was Rea. He lived in Warren and died April 23, 1813. 7. Margaret, married Joseph Rivers, of Cushing. 8. Mary, married Matthew Kelloch and lived and died in St. George. 9. Jane, married _____ Bennett; lived in Rockland and perished in a snow storm in 1770.
(II) Joseph Robinson, eldest son of Dr. Moses Robinson, married Mary McFetheridge (incorrectly mentioned in the "Annals of Warren" as Mary McKoun), and removed to Cushing, where he died, aged about seventy-eight years. His children were: 1. Hannah, married Samuel Gilchrist, lived in St. George and died there. 2. Sarah, died unmarried. 3. Mary, died young. 4. Moses, born 1756, died 1777, said to have been the first person buried in the old graveyard in Cushing. 5. John, lost at sea. 6. Joseph, died in the West Indies. 7. Elizabeth, married Elijah Hall, and lived in St. George. 8. Archibald, married Sarah Hutchins, and died in Cushing. 9. Jane, died unmarried, aged about eighty years.
(II) Moses Robinson, son of Dr. Moses Robinson, married _____ McFarlane, and lived and died in the town of Cushing. Their nine children were as follows: 1. Moses, married Jane Burton; lived first in Cushing and afterward in Appleton, where he died. 2. John, married Nancy (or Harriet) Payson; lived in St. George. 3. Mary, married Captain Samuel Watts, and lived in St. George. 4. Joseph. 5. Matthew, married Hannah Sterling, of Bristol, Maine; lived first at McCobb's Narrows, afterward at Falmouth and died in Cushing. 6. Betsey, married William Burton; lived in Cushing. 7. Nancy, married (first) Captain Simon McLellan, (second) James McCarter; lived in Cushing. 8. Isaac, married Sarah Rivers, lived in Cushing. After his death his widow married Samuel Payson. 9. Andrew, married Margaret Lewis; lived in Cushing and removed thence to Union, where he died.
(III) Joseph Robinson, son of Moses and _____ (McFarlane) Robinson, born in February, 1755, died in St. George, March 4, 1843. He married Jane Lewis and had nine children: 1. Mary, died young. 2. Andrew. 3. Jane, married Archibald McKellar, and lived in St. George. 4. Captain George, born April 14, 1784; was shipmaster and tanner; married Susan Norwood, who was born the same year, month and day and time as himself; lived in Thomaston. 5. Margaret, married Deacon John Miller, and lived and died in Thomaston. 6. Elizabeth, married Hon. Joel Miller, and lived in Thomaston. 7. Rosanna, married Stewart Harrington, and lived in Thomaston. 8. Joseph, married Abigail Ames, and lived in St. George. 9. Edward, married Hannah Fuller, and lived in St. George.
(IV) Andrew Robinson, eldest son and child of Joseph and Jane (Lewis) Robinson, married (first) Nancy Burton, and (second) Polly Fuller. He died in March, 1860. He had in all nine children: 1. Jane, married Phinley Kelloch, and removed to Oregon. 2. William B., born about 1807; was a carpenter and lived in Rockland; married Eleanor Clark. 3. Nancy, married Samuel Tobey, and lived in Machias. 4. Eliza, died young. 5. Sarah. 6. Hannah. 7. James F., married Catherine Clark. 8. Mary, married James Wylie, and lived in St. George. 9. Almira, married Lincoln Gilchrist, and lived in St. George.
(V) Captain James F. Robinson, son of Andrew and Polly (Fuller) Robinson, was born in St. George, Maine, and was a mariner, captain of a vessel engaged in the American coast trade. His wife, Catharine (Clark) Robinson, was born in St. George. They had five children: 1. Sylvanus. 2. Frank, married (first) Faustina Watts, (second) Ella Kinney. 3. George B., married Cora E. Fuller and had three children, Lewis, Frederick and Haviland. 4. Mary E., married Peter Aagesen and had two children, Katie and Frank. 5. James T., married Addie Hathorne, and had seven children.
(VI) Captain Sylvanus Robinson, eldest son and child of Captain James F. and Catherine (Clark) Robinson, born in St. George, Maine, December 31, 1843, died there October 6, 1907. He was a sea captain and engaged in the coast trade for many years. He married (first) Julia A. Robinson, who was born in St. George, May 13, 1848, died May 29, 1875, daughter of Erastus and Sally (Gilchrist) Robinson. He married (second) Lillias Robinson, daughter of Mason and Sarah (Hyler) Robinson. Captain Robinson had three children by his first wife, Julia A. Robinson, and four children by Lillias Robinson, his second wife: 1. Albert, born March 5, 1869. 2. Chester C., married Mary Robinson, sister of Lillias Robinson, his father's second wife. 3. Winslow L. 4. Jennie A., married Rev. Carl D. Hazelton and had one child, Philip Hazelton. 5. Eugene P., married and had one child, Helen. 6. Helen M. 7. Joseph W. C.
(VII) Albert Robinson, eldest child of Captain Sylvanus and Julia A. (Robinson) Robinson, was born in St. George, Maine, March 5, 1869, and acquired his earlier education in the public schools of his native town. His higher education was acquired at Colby College, where he graduated A. B. in 1893. After leaving school Mr. Robinson entered the profession of pedagogy
(II) Major Hanse Robinson, fourth child of Dr. Moses Robinson, married Bridget (or Priscilla) Hyler. They settled in Cushing and died there. "It was on his lot near Cobb's Narrows, we believe, that when first taken posession of there was found what has always been called the 'old cellar,' but which from recent examination, made by Mr. I. S. Burton, appears to have claims to much greater interest than is usually attached to that class of ruins. The first huts of the settlers here were usually without cellars, or at most with only a slight unwalled excavation entered by a trap door in the middle of the room. But this was a deep and capacious structure forty feet in length and at this day (1865) not less than nine feet in depth; well walled when first discovered, with hewn timber, since crumbled to dust; and situated on a point projecting into the river, with a cove on one side, to which a subterranean passage, with similar walls and depth, led from the main structure. What was its design and by whom it was built, whether by early French traders, or as a retreat for pirates frequenting the coast, remains uncertain." (Eaton's "Thomaston"). Major Hanse and Bridget (or Priscilla) (Hyler) Robinson had ten children: 1. Priscilla, married _____ Gardner, and lived in Cushing. 2. Margaret, born 1763, married John Roakes; lived in Warren and died April 19, 1806. 3. Simeon, married Hannah Hyler, and lived in Cushing. 4. Agnes, married (first) Caleb Howard, (second) Robert Portersfield, and removed to Ohio. 5. Betsey, married Cornelius Hyler, and lived and died in Cushing. 6. Hanse, married Lucy Hyler, and lived in Cushing. 7. Captain Moses. 8. John, married Polly Dillaway. 9. Thomas. 10. Jacob, married (first) Nancy (Anomeriah, says town record) Robinson who died October 28, 1795; married (second) Sarah Kelloch; lived in South Thomaston and died April 6, 1813.
(III) Captain Moses Robinson, son of Major Hanse and Bridget (or Priscilla) (Hyler) Robinson, born 1773, lived in Cushing and was lost overboard in June, 1833, from the sloop "Orient" on passage from East Thomaston to Bangor. Married Priscilla Hyler and had nine children: 1. Ann, married _____ Grafton. 2. Cornelius, married Agnes Robinson; lived and died in Cushing. 3. Mason. 4. Louisa, married Anthony Libby. 5. Moses, married Rachel Elwell; removed to Salt Lake. 6. Emeline. 7. Paulinda. 8. Edward. 9. Hannah.
(IV) Mason Robinson, son of Captain Moses and Priscilla (Hyler) Robinson, lived and died in Cushing. Married (first) Rachel Hyler, and (second) her sister. Their daughter, Lillias Robinson, married Captain Sylvanus Robinson (second wife), who was born in St. George, Maine, December 31, 1844, died there October 6, 1907. The first wife of Captain Sylvanus Robinson was Julia A. Robinson, daughter of Erastus Robinson, who married Sally Gilchrist.
The Gilchrists of this line are descended from the ancient Scottish clan Killcreast, of Ayr (Ayrshire), whose members dwelt in the shire next north of Glasgow previous to the conquest of Scotland by William the Conqueror, 1071. At the time of the reformation they became Presbyterians under John Knox, and in 1602 many of this family with other Scots were induced by James I of England to settle in the north of Ireland, where they lived for more than one hundred years.
During the so-called Scotch-Irish immigration to America at least five of the surname Gilchrist came to the country, one branch settling in Alabama, another in southern Pennsylvania, and the other in New England. The latter were William, of Lunenburg, Massachusetts, and Robert and William, both of whom settled in Chester, New Hampshire. They were brothers and an account of their families is given in the history of Chester and other New Hampshire towns.
Samuel Gilchrist was a soldier of the revolution and was wounded in the skirmish at Harlem during Washington's retreat from New York. He was hit in the side by a bullet, and that piece of British lead was carried in his body until the day of his death. He married Hannah Robinson, eldest daughter of Joseph Robinson, and granddaughter of Dr. Moses Robinson, of whom mention is made in a preceding paragraph. Samuel Gilchrist and Hannah Robinson had eleven children: 1. Captain John, married, January 30, 1800, Margaret Fogarty; lived in St. George. 2. William, born August, 1780; married Betsey Norwood, lived in Montville and died in 1860. 3. Captain Joseph, born in Cushing, May 20, 1782, died September 7, 1864; was a mariner and retired from the sea with an ample fortune; married, January 6, 1803, Sarah Carney, and removed to Thomaston about 1823-24. 4. Hugh, married (first) Betsey Hall, (second) Hannah Simmons; removed to Knox, Maine, and there married a third wife. 5. Samuel. 6. Archibald, died young. 7. James, married Deborah Robinson, and lived in Cushing. 8. Alexander, married (first) Margaret Hyler, (second) _____ McKellar, lived and died in St. George. 9. Robert, married Betsey Hall, and lived in St. George. 10. Sarah, married James Linnekin, and lived in St. George. 11. George, married Martha Linnekin, and lived in St. George.
Samuel Gilchrist, son of Samuel and Hannah (Robinson) Gilchrist, married Lydia Smalley, and removed to St. George. Their son, Erastus Gilchrist, married Sallie Robinson and had a daughter, Julia A., born in St. George in 1848, died in 1875, who married Sylvanus Robinson.